“America is much more than a geographical fact. It is a political and moral fact – the first community in which men set out in principle to institutionalize freedom, responsible government, and human equality.” — Adlai Stevenson
“The winds that blow through the wide sky in these mounts, the winds that sweep from Canada to Mexico, from the Pacific to the Atlantic — have always blown on free men.” — Franklin D. Roosevelt
“Freedom lies in being bold.” — Robert Frost
“My God! How little do my countrymen know what precious blessings they are in possession of, and which no other people on earth enjoy!” — Thomas Jefferson
“Courage, then, my countrymen, our contest is not only whether we ourselves shall be free, but whether there shall be left to mankind an asylum on earth for civil and religious liberty.” — Samuel Adams
“America…it is the only place where miracles not only happen but where they happen all the time.” –Thomas Wolfe, Of Time and the River, 1935
“Let every man do his duty, and be true to his country.” –Anonymous, rallying cry, Boston Tea Party, December 16, 1773
“Ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country.” –John F. Kennedy, inaugural address, January 20, 1961
“In every human breast, God has implanted a principle, which we call the love of freedom; it is impatient of oppression and pants for deliverance.” –Phillis Wheatley, in The Boston Post-Boy, 1774
“Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. –Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863.
That’s why I stand here tonight. Because for two hundred and thirty-two years, at each moment when that promise was in jeopardy, ordinary men and women – students and soldiers, farmers and teachers, nurses and janitors – found the courage to keep it alive.
“We must be free not because we claim freedom, but because we practice it.” — William Faulkner
“Happily for America, happily, we trust, for the whole human race, they pursued a new and more noble course. They accomplished a revolution which has no parallel in the annals of human society.” — James Madison
“America is a tune. It must be sung together.” —Gerald Stanley Lee
“Intellectually I know that America is no better than any other country; emotionally I know she is better than every other country.” —Sinclair Lewis
“I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!” —Patrick Henry
“The history of free men is never really written by chance but by choice; their choice!” —President Dwight D. Eisenhower
“Observe good faith and justice toward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all.” —President George Washington
“America has never been united by blood or birth or soil. We are bound by ideals that move us beyond our backgrounds, lift us above our interests and teach us what it means to be citizens.” —President George W. Bush
Happy Independence Day USA 4th of July Whatsapp Status And Messages:
- Don’t take your freedom and independence for granted, someone had to work hard and make many sacrifices for it.
- Enjoy the blessings of freedom and independence, but also do your part and work hard to appreciate it.
- A spirit of equality and faith, and a belief of courage and faith. I wish you a Happy 4th of July. Take pride, America.
- Red is for victory white is for purity blue is for loyalty USA where courage n’ fortitude is the norm!
- Those who won our independence believed liberty to be the secret of happiness and courage to be the secret of liberty”. ~Louis D. Brandeis
- To be independent is to be free. It’s a great feeling. What are you free of? Happy Independence Day!!
- With great respect in our hearts, Let’s give our thanks to all the great soldiers who make our land free. On this Fourth of July!
- I like to see a man proud of the place in which he lives. I like to see a man live so that his place will be proud of him.
- July 4 is a special date for the United States Of America people, the day we get rid of dependence on a foreign country.
- We broke the chains that held us so badly and hurt. With the Independence of July 4, USA was free.
- The Day of the Motherland is a very special date because it was on this day that we got rid of the dominion.
- Great importance has this date in our history, July 4, 1766 must be remembered for the great victory.
- Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves. ~ Abraham Lincoln.
- It’s better to die on your feet than to live on your knees.” ~ Emiliano Zapata.
- The American Revolution was a beginning, not a consummation. ~ Woodrow Wilson.
Happy Independence Day USA 4th Of July Poems:
1.The New Colossus Poem:
“Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
“Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she
With silent lips. “Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
2.Fourth of July Poem:
Freedom is a rocket,
isn’t it, bursting
parkloads of hot
or into the cities
of our enemies
without whom we
though they are
America I see now
is the soldier
who said I saw
burning on my
chest and tried
to brush it off with
my right hand
but my arm
America is no
other than this
the hand gone
that might have
put it out, the skies
afire with our history.
3.Immigrants in Our Own Land Poem:
We are born with dreams in our hearts,
looking for better days ahead.
At the gates we are given new papers,
our old clothes are taken
and we are given overalls like mechanics wear.
We are given shots and doctors ask questions.
Then we gather in another room
where counselors orient us to the new land
we will now live in. We take tests.
Some of us were craftsmen in the old world,
good with our hands and proud of our work.
Others were good with their heads.
They used common sense like scholars
use glasses and books to reach the world.
But most of us didn’t finish high school.
The old men who have lived here stare at us,
from deep disturbed eyes, sulking, retreated.
We pass them as they stand around idle,
leaning on shovels and rakes or against walls.
Our expectations are high: in the old world,
they talked about rehabilitation,
about being able to finish school,
and learning an extra good trade.
But right away we are sent to work as dishwashers,
to work in fields for three cents an hour.
The administration says this is temporary
So we go about our business, blacks with blacks,
poor whites with poor whites,
chicanos and indians by themselves.
The administration says this is right,
no mixing of cultures, let them stay apart,
like in the old neighborhoods we came from.
We came here to get away from false promises,
from dictators in our neighborhoods,
who wore blue suits and broke our doors down
when they wanted, arrested us when they felt like,
swinging clubs and shooting guns as they pleased.
But it’s no different here. It’s all concentrated.
The doctors don’t care, our bodies decay,
our minds deteriorate, we learn nothing of value.
Our lives don’t get better, we go down quick.
My cell is crisscrossed with laundry lines,
my T-shirts, boxer shorts, socks and pants are drying.
Just like it used to be in my neighborhood:
from all the tenements laundry hung window to window.
Across the way Joey is sticking his hands
through the bars to hand Felipé a cigarette,
men are hollering back and forth cell to cell,
saying their sinks don’t work,
or somebody downstairs hollers angrily
about a toilet overflowing,
or that the heaters don’t work.
I ask Coyote next door to shoot me over
a little more soap to finish my laundry.
I look down and see new immigrants coming in,
mattresses rolled up and on their shoulders,
new haircuts and brogan boots,
looking around, each with a dream in their heart,
thinking they’ll get a chance to change their lives.
But in the end, some will just sit around
talking about how good the old world was.
Some of the younger ones will become gangsters.
Some will die and others will go on living
without a soul, a future, or a reason to live.
Some will make it out of here with hate in their eyes,
but so very few make it out of here as human
as they came in, they leave wondering what good they are now
as they look at their hands so long away from their tools,
as they look at themselves, so long gone from their families,
so long gone from life itself, so many things have changed.
About Independence Day Of USA
In 1775, people in New England began battling the British for his or her independence. On July 2, 1776, the Congress furtively voted in favour of independence from Great Britain. After two days, on July four, 1776, the final wording of the Declaration of Independence was endorsed, and the archive was distributed. The principal open perusing of the Declaration of Independence was on July eight, 1776. Agents began to signal the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. In 1870, Independence Day was made an unpaid vacation for presidency representatives. In 1941, it was a paid vacation for them.
The most important depiction of how Independence Day can be praised was in a letter from John Adams to his important different Abigail on July three, 1776. He portrayed “ceremony and parade, with appears, recreations, sports, firearms, chimes, blazes, and enlightenment” all by means of the United States. Notwithstanding, the expression “Independence Day” was not utilized until 1791.
Curiously, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, the 2 underwriters of the Declaration of Independence and leaders of the United States, handed on July four, 1826 – exactly 50 years after the appropriation of the assertion. It is likewise very important to be aware of that Native Americans lived within the nation and each clan had its personal nation and authorities earlier than the European pioneers.
The United States of American was once Thirteen Colonies – an accumulation of East Coast states, they have been Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
The provinces have been managed by the British, who had been on the landmass since 1587. At first the connection between the Brits and the pioneers was consummately agreeable, nonetheless quickly there have been protestations about duties and the British affect. The pioneers felt their very own feeling of pleasure and patriotism.
In 1765 the pioneers requested ‘no tax imposition without any political benefit’ which primarily implies they wanted a voice in Parliament. The British and pilgrims didn’t exactly settle the problem and the contradiction typically emitted into battles, for instance, the Boston Tea Party in 1773, which was a problem in opposition to the Tea Act, which gave a British group restraining infrastructure over tea offers within the American Thirteen Colonies.
Additionally, acts that took away energy from states, for instance, Massachusetts, which had been semi-self-ruling, created extra grating.
At the purpose when issues achieved forward a gathering was referred to as by the Continental Congress – the representatives from the Thirteen Colonies. At the second gathering, the gathering selected to proclaim warfare in opposition to the British – it was 1775.
It was the next year, as but amid the American Revolution that the Second Continental Congress voted to endorse a dedication of independence that had been proposed in June by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia saying the United States free from Great Britain run the present.
What happened in the Revolutionary War?
Extraordinary Britain’s 13 North American provinces battled to isolate themselves from the UK and lead by the King – then George III.
These East Coast states have been; New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.
They went forward to finish up the United States of America after marking the Declaration of Independence on the Fourth of July 1776, albeit battling proceeded for fairly some time after this.
The American powers have been pushed by George Washington and have been bolstered with arms and provides from France and Spain due to conciliatory endeavours by Thomas Jefferson.
For what reason did the Americans want independence?
The connection between the pioneers and British had been agreeable, nonetheless, strains started to intensify as soon as once more the burden of British legal guidelines and duties.
“No imposing taxes without any political benefit” was the cry round 1765 after an ascent in Britain’s nationwide obligation constrained the pilgrims to lift import duties and get critical about pirating to lift shops.
There was likewise a creating feeling of patriotism in these to a fantastic extent agrarian settlements.
Demonstrations of American pilgrim disobedience began as uprisings, battling, and challenges.
In 1773, issues heightened when loyalists in Boston broadly decimated a cargo of tea by boarding three ships in Boston Harbor and tossing 342 chests over the sting in dissent over the Tea Act. This ended up often called the “Boston Tea Party”.
How long has Independence Day been celebrated for?
The major pageant was on the Fourth of July 1777 – the year after the marking of the Declaration of Independence.
Thirteen discharges have been let go in salute – one for each one of many first American states. In any case, the “Independence Day” title wasn’t utilized till 1791.
In 1870 it was made an unpaid vacation for presidency representatives, and in 1938 US Congress in the end made it the paid vacation it’s right now.
These uprisings over assessments prompted full-scale progressive warfare.
Independence Day is a authorities vacation. On the off probability that July four is a Saturday, it’s seen on Friday, July three. In the occasion that July four is a Sunday, it’s seen on Monday, July 5. Government workplaces and faculties are shut. A number of organizations could be shut too. In a number of years, quite a few representatives make the most of an extent of their get-away days to make a protracted finish of the week. This could cause blockage in a number of spots, particularly in the direction of outstanding vacation objectives.
There are quite a few open events, parades, reveals and firecrackers reveals. This could make close by disturbance exercise. Open journey frameworks don’t most of the time work on their regular timetables.
How is the day celebrated within the US?
Nowadays it’s usually set aside by devoted workouts – as a rule outdoors.
Think parades, outside, grills, brews,and firecrackers, with as a lot pink, white and blue as conceivable – all punctuated with a sponsorship observe of “Star radiant pennant”, “Yankee Doodle” and “God Bless America”.
Government officers likewise get a kick out of the possibility to attempt displaying up at Independence Day festivities and applauding the nation’s legacy, historical past,and people.
Who celebrates it apart from Americans?
The Philippines and Rwanda moreover watch Fourth of July commemorations for their very own causes.
The US gave the Philippines independence on that day in 1946 and the Rwandan genocide completed with US assistance on four July 1994.
The lawful detachment of the Thirteen Colonies from Great Britain actually occurred on July 2, but the Declaration of Independence, an announcement clarifying this selection, which had been arrange by a Committee of Five, with Thomas Jefferson in cost, wasn’t marked at that time.
Congress wrangled about and amended the wording of the Declaration, eventually favoring it two days after the actual fact on July four. It was marked by 56 delegates from the 13 states – referred to earlier than because the Thirteen Colonies.
The battling didn’t cease, it carried on till 1783 and the Treaty of Paris.
The day the Declaration was marked was seen because the introduction of the nation – and Independence Day was conceived. At the purpose when the underlying fights within the Revolutionary War softened out up April 1775, a few settlers needed end independence from Great Britain, and the people who did have been seen as radical.
By the centre of the following year, nonetheless, quite a few extra pioneers had come to help independence, due to creating threatening vibe in opposition to Britain and the unfold of progressive slants, for instance, these communicated within the prime of the road flyer “Presence of mind,” distributed by Thomas Paine in mid-1776.
On June 7, when the Continental Congress met on the Pennsylvania State House (later Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, Virginia assign Richard Henry Lee introduced a motion requiring the provinces’ independence.
In the midst of warmed level-headed dialogue, Congress postpone the vote on Lee’s dedication, but chosen a five-man advisory group—together with Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania and Robert R. Livingston of New York—to draft a proper rationalization legitimizing the break with Great Britain.
Do you realize?
John Adams trusted that July second was the correct date on which to reward the introduction of American independence, and would allegedly flip down solicitations to point out up at July 4th events in thechallenge. Adams and Thomas Jefferson each handed on July four, 1826—the 50th commemoration of the reception of the Declaration of Independence.
The Declaration of Independence
We observe American Independence Day on the Fourth of July constantly. We contemplate July four, 1776, as a day that speaks to the Declaration of Independence and the introduction of the United States of America as an autonomous nation.
However, July four, 1776, wasn’t the day that the Continental Congress selected to announce independence (they did that on July 2, 1776).
It wasn’t the day we started the American Revolution both (that had occurred again in April 1775).
Also, it wasn’t the day Thomas Jefferson composed the first draft of the Declaration of Independence (that was in June 1776). Or then once more the date on which the Declaration was conveyed to Great Britain (that didn’t happen till November 1776). Or alternatively the date it was marked (that was August 2, 1776).
So what did occur on July 4, 1776?
The Continental Congress affirmed the final wording of the Declaration of Independence on July four, 1776. They’d been coping with it for a number of days after the draft was submitted on July second lastly conceded to the higher a part of the alters and adjustments.
July four, 1776, was the date that was included on the Declaration of Independence, and the favor written by hand duplicate that was marked in August (the duplicate now confirmed on the National Archives in Washington, D.C.) It’s likewise the date that was printed on the Dunlap Broadsides, the primary printed duplicates of the Declaration that have been circled all by means of the brand new nation. So when people considered the Declaration of Independence, July four, 1776,was the date they recollected.
Interestingly, we observe Constitution Day on September seventeenth of each year, the commemoration of the date the Constitution was marked, not the commemoration of the date it was affirmed. In the occasion that we’d taken after this similar method for the Declaration of Independence we’d being observing Independence Day on August second of each year, the day the Declaration of Independence was agreed upon!
How did the Fourth of July turn into a national holiday?
For the preliminary 15 or 20 years after the Declaration was composed, people didn’t reward it a lot on any date. It was too new and an extreme quantity of else was happening within the youthful nation. By the 1790s, a interval of disagreeable divided clashes, the Declaration had turned out to be questionable. One gathering, the Democratic-Republicans, appreciated Jefferson and the Declaration. Be that as it could, the opposite social gathering, the Federalists, thought the Declaration was excessively French and excessively hostile to British, which conflicted with their current preparations.
By 1817, John Adams grumbled in a letter that America seemed to be tired of its previous. In any case, that will quickly change.
After the War of 1812, the Federalist Party began to disintegrate and the brand new gatherings of the 1830s all seen themselves as inheritors of Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans. Printed duplicates of the Declaration began to circle as soon as extra, all with the date July four, 1776, recorded at the most effective. The passings of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams on July four, 1826, could even have superior the potential for July four as a vital date to be counseled.
Festivities of the Fourth of July turned out to be extra typical because the years went on and in 1870, proper round 100 years after the Declaration was composed, Congress initially pronounced July four to be a nationwide vacation as a function of a invoice to formally understand a number of holidays, together with Christmas. Assist enactment of nationwide holidays, together with July four, was handed in 1939 and 1941.
The most effective method to Celebrate Independence Day
Independence Day is a day of household festivities with picnics and grills, demonstrating numerous accentuation on the American conference of political flexibility. Exercises associated to the day incorporate watermelon or wiener consuming rivalries and brandishing events, for instance, ball video games, three-legged races, swimming workouts and pull of-war diversions.
Numerous people present the American banner outdoors their houses or constructions. Numerous folks group set up firecrackers which can be typically joined by energetic music. The most noteworthy firecrackers seem on TV. A number of staff make the most of at the least one in every of their tour days to make a protracted finish of the week with the purpose that they’ll get away from the heat at their most beloved shoreline or get-away spot.
Independence Day is an lively vacation for commending the optimistic components of the United States. Numerous lawmakers present up at open events to display their assist for the historical past, legacy,and people of their nation. Most importantly, people within the United States categorical and supply gratitude for the chance and freedoms battled by the unique of a lot of right now’s Americans. The Statue of Liberty is a nationwide landmark that’s associated to Independence Day.
The 4th of July each year is the time the final inhabitants of the United States of America commends their independence day. The 4th of July has alluded to a authorities vacation within the United States. The day is portrayed by the utilization of enthusiastic reveals out of appreciation for the endeavours that have been set as much as see the states choose up their independence from the pioneer authorities. The colonialist within the United States had been the British. The 4th of July is therefore an crucial day within the United States because it helps the final inhabitants to recollect the United States of how far they’ve come. It provides the final inhabitants of the United States the need and inspiration for growth due to their independence. Amid the 4th of July, the federal government officers and the political pioneers within the United States of America present up usually society in respect and acclaim of the residents, the nation and the endeavours of everyone who took an curiosity within the fulfilment of independence for the United States of America. Families take days off their employment and might go on picnics as a technique of remembrance and festivity. They take holidays to have a good time because the 4th of July is a crucial day for each one of many normal inhabitants and natives of the United States of America. Patriotism is moreover appeared and portrayed by means of devoted melodies within the acclaim of the states and the verifiable legends and establishing fathers of United States of America. One discharge is likewise terminated noticeable throughout as a salute and in regard to the legends on the 4th of July in army camps and bases within the United States of America.
Goliath banners of pink, white, and blue, kids yelling in parades, turning commotion producers, streamers, and centrepieces: appears like the perfect birthday festivity! In any case, the Fourth of July is one thing apart from the nation’s birthday. It is the limitless variety of family members, the perfect local weather, the garden grills, and the sumptuous firecrackers that gentle up the night time sky. No different vacation influences people to really feel the identical as they do on the Fourth of July.
On the Fourth of July, family members meet up at events, grills, festivals, and picnics. Individuals mix for fairly a very long time with only a gentle breeze over their again and a brilliant chilly pop conserving them cool. It is an superior day to stand up to hurry with previous companions and the perfect time to fulfill new ones. Seeing family and friends on the Fourth of July simply consists of to the power felt this vacation. It’s most certainly much less demanding to ask the way it isn’t praised! Firecrackers, picnics, feasts, baseball, household social occasions, events…the listing goes on.
Rhode Island saluted with 13 discharges on July four, 1777, on the principal commemoration – the area has held the longest working Independence Day festivity within the United States. George Washington in 1778 – then a normal within the progressive armed drive – gave his troops a twofold apportion of rum to stamp the occasion. While you’d determine the first tune to test the day could have been Star Spangled Banner it wasn’t. Hymn of Joy by Johann Friedrich Peter from Salem, North Carolina is by all accounts the principal melody joined to the festivals.
The sweltering, eminent local weather on the Fourth of July is ideal for any midyear motion. White shirts and khaki bottoms are the perfect customary outfits for conserving anyone cool and agreeable. The searing solar has each one of many children within the space enjoying within the recent, cool water, whereas their moms and dads chill out languidly by the pool. On the Fourth of July, a glass of tremendous chilly lemonade with ice 3D squares that swing to puddles within the wake of leaving the frosty of the cooler for over 5 minutes is strictly what you require maintain cool on such a vibrant day. As the solar plunges behind the slope, kids start to pursue fireflies in every single place all through the piece and place them in containers so their gleaming, delicate lights can ship the youngsters to relaxation when their sleep time comes.
How Does This Day really feel?
All the folks round me have been excited and in a really festive temper; and so they all have been completely allowed to take action. It was after all of the Fourth of July, our Independence Day. I had an excellent feeling as I walked within the park, with my household to my facet, as I noticed numerous folks having fun with themselves within the din of the pageant. There have been pink, blue, and white in every single place. People wore giant pointed hats, carried vibrant balloons and virtually each particular person had the celebrities and stripes as his/her insignia. It was a beautiful feeling and it was the most effective Fourth of July that I’ve ever spent.
This was no abnormal day. This was a real pageant. The locals had all gathered collectively within the huge central park close to my home and there was a humdrum of issues taking place throughout me. People have been consuming, shouting, dancing, laughing, working, and actually leaping with pleasure. Families with youngsters have been engrossed in numerous stalls that introduced issues like face portray, taking pictures video games, and different fun-filled occasions which can be the life at giant gala’s and many others. There have been scorching canine stands throughout us and folks have been consuming and promoting a wide range of different meals objects as nicely. The complete park was adorned as blue, white, and pink and everyone gave the impression to be extraordinarily blissful to be there. The park was full of folks of all shapes, sizes, and ages. Various households walked collectively amongst teenage crowds and younger . It was like the entire city had united and so they have been all in a state of patriotism. No one minded every part and everybody was simply plain happy to be in such an setting.
The social gathering didn’t cease right here. Various small areas have been additionally arrange the place households may go to take pleasure in in a mess of the way. There have been stalls that supplied an interactive session with the youngsters, displaying them precisely what was meant by the Fourth of July and why it was such an essential day within the historical past of the United States. Other stalls supplied souvenirs, flags, and different memorabilia for the day. In a distant nook, a neighborhood band performed patriotic tunes, hinting their rock status with some blaring guitars and excessive drum solos. Some boys stood in sure stalls, displaying off their aiming expertise to their girlfriends by successful them stuffed toys. Other folks stood at meals stalls, consuming and ingesting merrily. There was a small dancing enviornment, the place folks stood in traces, dancing their approach to numerous tunes, singing “Hey! Macarena!” This was the enjoyable that they have been all having when everybody knew what they have been all ready for.
The most enjoyable a part of the night occurred ten minutes after sundown. It was not lengthy after the sundown that the organizers of the social gathering/pageant introduced the occasion that everyone had been ready for. All the children acquired actually excited and ran as far up as they may as the gang began to settle and confronted the open floor in the direction of the japanese finish of the park. Soon, loud music was began and the fireworks started! And what wonderful fireworks they have been! People have been shocked and amazed each time a rocket would go up and explode in entrance of the darkish curtain that was the sky. The fireworks have been tuned up with the music, and so they produced these wonderful colours and designs because the music reached its crescendo. Although the entire occasion lasted below 15 minutes, it was essentially the most great expertise of that social gathering. People let loose a sigh as soon as it was over and there was a thunderous applause that lasted virtually so long as the fireworks present.
(I returned residence feeling really free for the primary time ever). [It was one of the best days I had ever spent, being emotionally very satisfying]. I had been out with my household and it felt good as a result of I felt I linked with them. Everyone was very excited concerning the fireworks show and my father gave me a hug later, one thing that he had not achieved since I had been little or no. I felt a sense of dependence on Independence Day, a sense I can solely describe as love and freedom.